3.3 Infrastructure and Technology
Infrastructure and technology are generally the most salient elements in ICT development policies for remote areas and Indigenous communities. In many cases, the policies achieve only the build-out of infrastructure that is later abandoned or underused. Therefore, technology adoption is, without a doubt, an essential element to be considered, with the most appropriate technology being matched to any given locality.
In order to determine the key aspects of technology selection, we have to consider the preconditions of public policy that allow for the development of infrastructure. In the same vein, we also must consider the methodological aspects that have to be incorporated in the development of ICT projects.
With respect to the latter, the model of Percoladora of Mallaeu & Rocke4 has been taken as a base, which indicates that the selection of a technological solution must be addressed in three areas:
(1) The base domain, which refers to the political and cultural context;
(2) The user domain, which refers to the social context; and
(3) The technology domain, referring to the physical context.
Source: Selecting Sustainable ICT Solutions for Pro-poor Intervention in Digital Poverty, Latin American and Caribean Perspectives IDRC-2007, p. 117.